(343) 39 cm; 155 g
Alike. Very distinctive with uniquely shaped yellow-tipped red
bill, the lower mandible up to 20-30 mm longer.
Upperparts dark blackish brown, forehead and underparts white.
Upperparts duller brown, face and cheeks lightly mottled brown.
Upperparts dull black with buﬂf feather margins. Bill initially
brownish black, becoming yellowish then red from base.
Very localised, now regarded as Endangered. Partial intra-African
migrant present from May, most departing by Dec; in pairs or small
flocks. Br at Lake St Lucia till 1943, now regionally extinct as a
br species in S Africa.
Large river systems and lakes with unvegetated sandbars and
Small ﬁsh, mostly 2-5 cm long.
Loud sharp kik-kik-kik.
Monogamous and colonial. Nest a deep unlined scrape on a sandbar.
Eggs incubated by both ads.
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