(403) 63 cm; 2.1 kg
Alike. Rufous colour, ‘earless’ head, dark brown eyes and large
size separate it from all other owls in region. Legs unfeathered.
Fledges with white or pale rufous down, which it retains for about
Vulnerable. Resident and largely conﬁned to protected areas;
threatened by disturbance, river siltation and pollution.
Historically more widespread and common.
Densely wooded riparian forest; swamp or lake margins with large
shady trees overhanging water.
Variety of small ﬁsh, usually 100-250 g, sometimes up to 2 kg;
small crocodiles and frogs also recorded.
Low deep hoot repeated every 10-20 sec, audible 3 km away; also
Monogamous. Nests in large tree cavities; hr on average every
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