(166) 44 cm; d' 260 g, !f 370 g
larger than M. Flight pattern more buoyant and slower than Pallid
Hamer. Rare dark form occurs (M black, F chocolate, both with dark
In flight shows more black in primaries than M Pallid Harrier, has
black wingbar, and is streaked rufous on underwing coverts, belly,
flanks and thighs.
Rump white, hence referred to as 'ring tails'. Best distinguished
from similar F Pallid Hamer by smaller dark face patch that is
confined more to rear of eye (less distinct below eye to base of
bill). Streaking on neck reaches dark facial collar (white neck
collar indistinct or absent).
Similar to ad F, but upperparts darker, and with rufous underparts
(unstreaked) and underwing coverts; eyes brown.
Uncommon non-br Palearctic migrant, present Oct-Apr.
Grassland; usually associated with open pans or floodplains.
Insects and mice.
Silent in Africa.
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