(438) 23 cm (25 cm incl streamers); 52 g
Alike. Combination of yellow throat, black gorget, turquoise
underparts and brown and yellow back unmistakable. 2 separate
populations occur in region, and are indistinguishable in the
field: one from the Palearctic (non-br), and the other a br
intra-African migrant. JUV Lacks tail streamers, gorget less
distinct and overall duller and greener.
Common and widespread. By far the greatest number of birds visiting
the region are non-br Palearctic migrants; a smaller separate
population of br birds are intra-African migrants (both are summer
visitors). Main arrivals in Oct, departure in late Mar or early Apr.
Highly gregarious, often in flocks of 20-100. Winter records for
the north of the region probably represent s African breeding birds.
Wide range of woodland and shrublands; absent from driest and
wettest regions. FOOD Predominantly bees, wasps, flying ants and
Various 'liquid and melodious trill notes prruip, pruik or kruup.
Monogamous, colonial and sometimes co-operative breeder. Nest
tunnels excavated into river banks and erosion gullies.
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