(146) 63 cm; 2.25 kg
Very distinctive with red facial skin, grey shoulder patches and
long wings that extend past the very short tail.
When perched, flight feathers appear black; in flight, black
trailing edge to white underwing considerably broader than F.
When perched, primaries show pale grey wing panel (below
grey-brown shoulder patch). In flight underwing white with narrow
black trailing edge.
CREAM MORPH Uncommon
to rare. Back, rump and tail creamy buff.
brown plumage; cere and facial skin grey-green and short tail
common in protected areas, regarded as Vulnerable in S Africa.
Resident and largely sedentary.
HABITAT Open and closed woodland, also in semi-arid regions;
seldom in mountainous areas.
small mammals, birds and reptiles. Scavenges carrion.
silent; gives guttural kow-aw or ko-waaaa.
Stick platform nest placed below canopy in large tree.
Click for call